エアロゾル学会・高橋幹二賞 TAKAHASHI AWARD (Aerosol Sci. & Tech., Japan) “Deposition of submicron aerosols by a closed-loop flow system” 閉ループ式エアロゾル流によるサブミクロン粒子の沈着

本論文で示された知見により、沈着効率が悪い従来法に代わって本手法を気液界面細胞曝露に応用できれば有用である。The method presented here may potentially be applied for the deposition and analysis of submicron particles on various types of substrate (i.e. air-liquid interface) without the need for vacuum imaging analysis (e.g. electron microscopy).

作物(小松菜)に水溶性微粒子を長期的に散布した後は? What happens after long-term spraying of water-soluble fine particles on a crop (komatsuna)?

Short Introductions of other papers: /paper/ Komatsuna plants were grown and exposed to ammonium sulfate (((NH4)2SO4), AS) submicron particles for 16 days (22.5 µg m−3 per day) in phytotrons. The amount of particles deposited on the leaf  decreased over time, because AS particles deposited on the leaf deliquesced, allowing ions such as SO42− in the…

表面電位顕微鏡で大気中から捕集した粒子の帯電状態を評価したEvaluating the charging state of particles collected from the air using Kelvin-Force Microscope.

呼吸により人体に入る微粒子の帯電状態が注目された。本研究では大気中に浮遊する微粒子の帯電状態を評価できる手法を考案。The importance of electrostatic charging state to particle deposition in the human airways has been suggested. We developed a measurement method of electrostatic charging state of individual ambient aerosol particles

ココナツ殻由来素材の表面に微粒子を集積 Fine particles on bio-composite surface.

Other “intro” of papers from our lab >> /tag/paper/   HIGHLIGHTS:* Physical treatment on the biocomposite increases the surface roughness.* Single bond COOH network on the treated biocomposite promotes the particle deposition.* The network reduces the particles repulsion during the deposition process. # Bio-composite(バイオコンポジット)is a composite material formed by a matrix (resin) and a reinforcement of…

酵素(粒子)はどこまで小さくできるのか?How small can the enzyme be ?

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2014.06.002 Transformation of an enzyme: from aqueous suspension to fine solid particles via electrospraying route 静電噴霧法による糖転移酵素の微粒化 by* Dept. of Process and Food Engineering, Univ. Putra Malaysia; * Biotechnology Research Institute, Univ. Malaysia Sabah; * Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Univ. Teknologi MARA; * Grad. School of Bio-Applications and Systems Engineering, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology…

薄板の裏側まで微粒子が沈着?Are the particles deposited to the back of a sheet?

Simultaneous deposition of submicron aerosols onto both surfaces of a plate substrate by electrostatic forces M. Gen, S. Ikawa, S. Sagawa, I. W. Lenggoro e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1380/ejssnt.2014.238 Open access. サブミクロンの帯電粒子を気中に浮遊させて、目的の平板の両面に粒子群が沈着しているメカニズムを説明した。 【展開】植物の葉に沈着する微粒子の挙動(農薬等の散布法)の理解 【展開】自動車等の静電塗装の分野

植物に水溶性微粒子を2年間与えていたら?Effect of water-soluble particles on growth of plants (2 years experiment)

JOURNAL: Atmospheric Environment (2014) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231014000405 Effects of 2-years exposure to (sub-micron) ammonium sulfate particles on growth and gas exchange rates of Fagus crenata (ブナ), Castanopsis sieboldii (スダジイ), Larix kaempferi (唐松) and Cryptomeria japonica (スギ) seedlings •No significant effect of the particles on growth was observed after 2 years. •Net photosynthetic rates of 3 species were not significantly changed….

森林への大気中微粒子の沈着過程. Deposition process of particles into forests

Particulate matter strongly adsorbed onto leaf surfaces is not washed away by rainfall and contributes to the EC (Elemental Carbon) flux. Leaf-surface particles must be included when evaluating the dry and total fluxes of particulate matter, in particular for water-insoluble constituents such as EC. 葉面に強く「付着」した粒子状物質は降雨によって洗い流されず、EC(元素炭素)フラックスに寄与する。粒子状物質、特にECのような水不溶性成分の乾燥流束および全流束を評価する場合には、葉表面粒子を含めなければならない。