「ナノマテリアルと生体機能分子の空間デザイン」をテーマに、関連研究分野で活躍する研究者・技術者による招待・依頼講演を行います。海外からの研究者や海外での研究経験者の講演を通して、創造的な研究・技術開発の場を如何にしてつくるか、持続可能な社会におけるグローバル人材の育成の視点から皆さんと一緒に考えていきたいと思います。On the theme of “Design of Nanomaterials and Bio-functional Molecules,” invited-lectures will be given by researchers/engineers active in related research fields. The purpose of this Forum is to think together about how to create a place for creative research and technology development from the perspective of fostering global human resources in a sustainable society.
Organizers: 男女共同参画会 大河内 美奈 (東工大 Tokyo Tech.), 宮崎 あかね（日本女子大学Japan Women’s Univ.）, Wuled Lenggoro (TUAT), 重光 英之（化学工学会, Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan）
Two presenters from TUAT
15:00 H219 [依頼講演] 植物における物質輸送に関する微粒子工学研究と人材育成 (農工大院工) Lenggoro W. Keywords: interdisciplinary, human resource, agriculture
15:20 [招待講演] 感染症研究におけるナノマテリアルの重要性について (農工大院農) 古谷 哲也 Keywords: Infectious diseases, virus, malaria
15:40 総合討論 (Chair: W. Lenggoro)
From the article by 山内 紀子 (茨城大), 宮坂 悦子 (三菱ケミカル) 吉本 則子 (山口大), 大河内 美奈 (東工大)
15:00-15:20 Particle Engineering Research on Mass Transport in Plants and Its Impact on Graduate Students (W. Lenggoro) [依頼講演] 植物における物質輸送に関する微粒子工学研究と人材育成
1. R&D of electronic materials is “fast”
While working as a research associate (assistant professor, non PI ) for around 9 years at Hiroshima University, our research group collaborated with more than 20 companies on projects mainly related to electronic materials (LED, etc. etc.) with particle size of 1 micrometer or less. The collaborative speeds were “fast”. This speed sometimes influences the learning style of graduate students who perform the experiments. A micromanagement to maintain a “fast” schedule can cause students to have few opportunities to learn how to deal with failure.
In the case of engineering systems, the researchers can play the role of the “core” of the project. We preferred to design laminar flow reactors or chambers with well controlled temperature gradients to obtain homogeneous products.
On campus, I often talk with doctoral students from developing countries to keep them motivated . They are often asked about ownership of the technology they are developing. Almost all research results from our group belong to the industry. Developing countries are often only a market for
products that are made possible by technological developments in developed countries.
2. Dilemma as an engineering faculty
When visiting a mineral mine in Indonesia, I can see the environmental “damage” caused by the activities. A dilemma arose in me, who at that time acted as a “technology developer” who used the mining products to improve the performance of electronic devices. I feel that something will
be missing in future generations when engineering education is aimed at prioritizing the convenience of life and the creation o f new competitions. I have always had a desire to develop “appropriate” technology that will allow for cooperation between developed and developing countries.
3. “Slow” agricultural studies : Plant vs. particles
In 2006, I passed the selection for the first batch tenure-track program in Japan. When I started a research group at TUAT, I stopped all joint research with companies that had formed in the past and set a new direction. The turning point in my group’s target setting occurred in the first year. I co-initiated a project on “Particulates & Plants” (ASEPH, 2008-2013), together with colleagues at the school of agriculture. With graduate students, we designed a chamber for growing plants and realized that the “core” of the project was the plant, not the researchers. Daily experiments were performed for almost two years. The plants grew from 10 to 200 cm. Heterogeneous leaf surfaces and an air conditioned (24 h) chamber created “turbulence” points.
In ASEPH project, comparative studies between existing plant related data in Japanese forests and those in Thailand or Indonesia were often conducted. This experience made me realize that engineering disciplines (particle technology or transport phenomena) can be an open and elegant medium in bridging technology players in Japan and developing countries. The project teaches about risk management before designing and while experimenting. We have been able to get
many engineering students to think about the importance of interdisciplinarity. Education with an interdisciplinary approach can increase the students’ motivation in problem solving. Collaboration with agricultural studies led to many new engineering ideas and hints that later became the basis
for my research group (Fig.1)
4. Global challenges
The world is currently facing the era of VUCA (Volatility, Uncertainty, Complexity, Ambiguity). Social problems due to globalization, including technological innovation, are also a triggering factor for VUCA. Future generations will be in an increasingly difficult to predict ecosystem. The ability to
make decisions and take action in complex situations will be needed. To develop human resources that are adaptive to VUCA, it is necessary to create an environment where individuals can experience failure and practice the learning process from failure. The role of the leader in managing a group and learning process of the learner are very important. Global challenges are always complex, so placing excessive value on a competition leads the world in the wrong direction. In the long run, a winner is meaningless.